Let’s talk about an interesting story first, before we take a deep dive into the topic “Test Automation”. You all must be aware of the story “The Shephard Boy Who Cried Wolf” from your childhood. The shepherd boy cries “wolf, wolf!” and the villagers come only to find that he is joking. He repeats it for a few times and the villagers lose trust in him.
Now, coming to our topic, Test Automation is the Shephard boy here. An example relating to the story: You tested an application and the test execution results came out negative. When reassessed, it’s not the application, but the test scripts were not in proper format and gave false results. If the same scenario repeats for a few times, customers stop believing in your test automation scripts. Unless you have the right test scripts in place, test automation doesn’t work effectively and you lose trust among your customers. An application or a software runs well when the test automation works effectively. A single erroneous test case may put the software or an application down. So, how to make Test Automation reliable and scalable? Here are the 3 best practices for successful test automation:
- Define the Scope of Test Automation
Defining the test scope - which features need to be tested – is the first step. Be clear about which test cases should be automated and on which platforms would the test scripts run. Create and automate test scripts for repetitive tasks that need to be executed with each release, such as regression cases. Smoke tests and build acceptance tests that are time-consuming and difficult to execute manually, yet regularly performed, can be covered by test automation. The goal of test automation is to simplify repetitive tasks and make it easier for manual testers to put their efforts in improving product quality.
- Get the Test Strategy Ready
Before you start with your test automation, have the test strategy in place. A test strategy outlines the testing approach, defines the testing framework, and the right automation tools. It describes the overall plan for successful execution, increased test quality and reliability. For e.g. JUnit tests and UI tests are ideal for the basic features related to UI. To run and automate UI tests, use the Selenium recorder. With Selenium recorder, testers need not bother about the integration in different scenarios.
- Follow Agile Testing Methodologies
Gone are the days where testing is done only after the development as in a Waterfall model. With the emergence of agile methodologies, while the developer is coding, testing can be performed in parallel. After the developer finishes his development, he will be able to identify what are the components, what are the XPath elements or related IDs. Then, define a page object model and the fields therein, and continue running the tests. This is where Selenium comes to your rescue and simplifies your test automation.AutoRABIT is a continuous delivery and release management suite for Salesforce applications. We, at AutoRABIT, follow agile methodologies, and implement best practices like continuous integration for test automation. You can configure CI jobs that can fetch and execute automated tests from Version Control. For more information, contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.